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  • 如何进行鼻腔冲洗?
  • 本站编辑:杭州奇炜生物科技有限公司发布日期:2022-02-18 10:54 浏览次数:
鼻腔冲洗顾名思义就是把冲洗液输送到鼻腔,以达到清理和治疗的目的。只不过这种冲洗需要借助一定的工具,而且冲洗液的选择有一定讲究,所以在使用之前要按医生的医嘱进行。
鼻腔冲洗最直接的作用是机械冲刷作用,去除鼻腔鼻窦的分泌物,减少病原微生物在鼻豁膜上的附着;对于鼻内镜手术后的患者,它还可以帮助清除血痂,预防开放了的鼻窦、鼻中隔和两边的鼻甲的粘连。
除此之外,它更重要的作用是可以提高鼻腔豁膜的纤毛运动,维持鼻腔豁膜的正常生理功能。它还可以控制炎性介质,减轻诸如病毒感染、普通感冒及过敏性鼻炎等炎症因子引起的鼻豁膜肿胀,改善鼻腔通气,缩短这些疾病痊愈的时间。
常用的鼻腔冲洗的方法有鼻腔喷雾剂、电动鼻腔冲洗器。鼻腔喷雾剂的优势是操作简单,买来即用,携带方便;缺点是疗效稍差。所以对于小朋友来说鼻腔喷雾剂还是可以首选,另外就是没有鼻炎的人仅仅是想把鼻腔冲洗作为一种日常护理措施的话,鼻腔喷雾剂也是首选。
电动鼻腔冲洗器的优势也是操作简单,但是它不能随时调整进入鼻腔内的液体量并且不易于携带,价格较贵。
鼻腔冲洗的使用范围很广,急慢性鼻炎、急慢性鼻窦炎、过敏性鼻炎、干燥性鼻炎、萎缩性鼻炎、鼻内镜术后患者、鼻咽癌放疗患者都可以使用;即使是你什么毛病都没有,鼻腔冲洗也可以是日常保健护理的较好选择,让你远离粉尘、雾霾等侵害。
As the name suggests, nasal irrigation is to deliver the flushing fluid to the nasal cavity to achieve the purpose of cleaning and treatment. However, this kind of flushing needs the help of certain tools, and the selection of flushing fluid is particular, so it should be carried out according to the doctor's advice before use.
 
The most direct function of nasal flushing is mechanical flushing, which can remove the secretion of nasal cavity and paranasal sinus and reduce the attachment of pathogenic microorganisms to the nasal membrane; For patients after endoscopic sinus surgery, it can also help remove blood scabs and prevent the adhesion of open sinuses, nasal septum and nasal concha on both sides.
 
In addition, its more important role is to improve the ciliary movement of nasal cavity membrane and maintain the normal physiological function of nasal cavity membrane. It can also control inflammatory mediators, reduce nasal membrane swelling caused by inflammatory factors such as virus infection, common cold and allergic rhinitis, improve nasal ventilation and shorten the recovery time of these diseases.
 
Commonly used nasal irrigation methods are nasal spray and electric nasal irrigator. The advantage of nasal spray is simple operation, easy to use and easy to carry. The disadvantage is that the curative effect is slightly poor. So for children, nasal spray can still be the first choice. In addition, people without rhinitis just want to rinse nasal cavity as a daily nursing measure. Nasal spray is also the first choice.
 
The advantage of electric nasal irrigator is that it is simple to operate, but it can not adjust the amount of liquid entering the nasal cavity at any time, and it is not easy to carry, and the price is expensive.
 
Nasal irrigation can be used in a wide range, including acute and chronic rhinitis, acute and chronic sinusitis, allergic rhinitis, dry rhinitis, atrophic rhinitis, patients after nasal endoscopy and patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma radiotherapy; Even if you have no problems, nasal flushing can also be a better choice for daily health care, keeping you away from dust, haze and other violations.