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  • 盐水洗鼻治疗鼻炎的优缺点分析
  • 本站编辑:杭州奇炜生物科技有限公司发布日期:2020-01-30 15:31 浏览次数:
盐水洗鼻是近几年来比较流行的治疗鼻炎新方法,即生理盐水把鼻腔内的过敏原、病菌、炎性分泌物等脏东西清除,减轻鼻腔黏膜水肿,恢复鼻腔自身的排毒功能,从而消除鼻炎症状。
效果不错、操作简单的盐水洗鼻成了很多鼻炎患者的首选。
 
  盐水洗鼻是借助鼻腔冲洗器,将冲洗液输送到鼻腔,通过药液与鼻腔的接触,清洁鼻腔及药物治疗的一种治疗方法。
 
  通过盐水的冲洗,促进鼻腔纤毛运动,可以把鼻腔内的过敏原、病菌、炎性分泌物等脏东西清除掉,减轻鼻腔黏膜炎症刺激,从而消除鼻炎症状。
 
  因为盐水洗鼻用到的只有盐水,没有药物,属于物理治疗,在安全性上比药物治疗和手术治疗更有优势。
 
  通常用来洗鼻的盐水有两种:等渗盐水和高渗盐水。即平常所说的0.9%浓度的盐水和高浓度的盐水。浓度为0.9%盐水即我们所说的生理盐水。
在接诊的鼻炎患者中,能够正确进行盐水洗鼻的鼻炎患者,很多症状都得到很好的控制,临床效果令人满意。盐水洗鼻的鼻炎患者,很大一部分都能自己控制好如流涕、打喷嚏等、鼻塞症状,减少来医院就诊的频率。
 
  盐水洗鼻虽然临床效果不错,但并不是对所有鼻炎类型都会有很好的效果,它只是对特定类型的鼻炎类型有效。“盐水洗鼻对过敏性鼻炎、慢性鼻炎-鼻窦炎、萎缩性鼻炎、鼻咽癌放化疗后、鼻内镜术后有效。
  如果已经有严重的器质性病变,如鼻腔大量息肉、鼻中隔穿孔、鼻中隔严重偏曲,洗鼻效果就不佳了。
 
  盐水洗鼻中的盐水最好是用生理盐水。生理盐水在医院、药店等医疗机构都可以买到,使用的时候加热到37℃左右就可以使用。
用盐水洗鼻,优点是不使用任何药物,所以对于儿童鼻炎和孕妇鼻炎患者也可以放心使用。而且没有特殊的刺鼻味道,不会出现灼痛感,即便是长期使用,也不会产生像药物应用所致的耐药性。
 
  冲洗时,先把头低下来,注意鼻子不能低于嘴。让左鼻孔在下,把盐水从右鼻孔灌入,水会从左鼻孔流出来,重复几遍。转过头再冲洗另一侧鼻腔。洗鼻过程中要张嘴呼吸,如果嘴里有水流出来,不要吞咽,让它自然流下。
In recent years, saline washing is a popular new method to treat rhinitis, that is to say, saline can remove the allergens, bacteria, inflammatory secretions and other dirt in the nasal cavity, reduce the edema of the nasal mucosa, restore the detoxification function of the nasal cavity, and eliminate the symptoms of rhinitis.
 
Good effect, simple operation of saline nasal wash has become the first choice for many rhinitis patients.
Salt water nasal washing is a kind of treatment method that uses nasal irrigator to transport the irrigating liquid to the nasal cavity, clean the nasal cavity and treat it with medicine through the contact between the medicine liquid and the nasal cavity.
By washing with salt water, it can promote the movement of nasal cilia, remove the allergens, bacteria, inflammatory secretions and other dirty things in the nasal cavity, reduce the irritation of nasal mucosa inflammation, and eliminate the symptoms of rhinitis.
Because salt water is only used for nasal washing, without drugs, it belongs to physical therapy, and has more advantages in safety than drug therapy and surgical treatment.
There are two kinds of salt water commonly used to wash the nose: isotonic salt water and hypertonic salt water. That is to say, 0.9% brine and high concentration brine. The concentration of 0.9% saline is what we call normal saline.
Among the patients who receive rhinitis, the patients who can wash their nose with salt water correctly, many symptoms are well controlled, and the clinical effect is satisfactory. A large part of rhinitis patients who wash their noses with salt water can control their own symptoms, such as runny nose, sneezing, etc., and reduce the frequency of visiting hospitals.
Although the clinical effect of nasal washing with salt water is good, it is not good for all types of rhinitis. It is only effective for specific types of rhinitis. "Saline nasal washing is effective for allergic rhinitis, chronic rhinitis sinusitis, atrophic rhinitis, nasopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy and chemotherapy, and after endoscopic surgery.
If there are already serious organic diseases, such as a large number of polyps in the nasal cavity, perforation of the nasal septum, and serious deviation of the nasal septum, the nasal washing effect will not be good.
The best way to wash the nose with saline is to use normal saline. Physiological saline can be bought in hospitals, pharmacies and other medical institutions, and can be used when heated to about 37 ℃.
Use brine to wash nose, the advantage is not to use any medicine, so for children rhinitis and pregnant women rhinitis patients can also use at ease. Moreover, there is no special pungent taste and burning sensation. Even if it is used for a long time, it will not produce drug resistance caused by drug application.
When washing, first lower your head and note that your nose should not be lower than your mouth. With the left nostril down, fill in the salt water from the right nostril. The water will flow out of the left nostril and repeat several times. Turn around and rinse the other side of the nose. In the process of nose washing, open your mouth to breathe. If there is water coming out of your mouth, don't swallow it. Let it flow naturally.